Enhancing Fairness in Performance Appraisals: A Conceptual Framework Through a Systematic Literature Review
Keywords:Performance appraisal, Biases, Fairness, Psychological Factors, Political Factors
This study aims to comprehensively explore the multifaceted landscape of performance appraisals and, consequently, construct a coherent conceptual framework that augments the fairness and effectiveness of performance evaluation processes. The research design employs a meticulous, systematic literature review, drawing from 42 carefully selected articles from Scopus. This methodology facilitates in-depth analysis of diverse variables and dimensions associated with performance appraisals, particularly concerning the design of appraisal systems, the psychological elements at play, and the often-overlooked political influences. Within this intricate interplay, the study endeavors to unearth insights into the intricate mechanisms that govern the goal-setting process and the subsequent execution of performance appraisals within the dynamic public sector. Through an analytical lens, this study's findings enrich the development of a conceptual framework that transcends theoretical boundaries, finding practical resonance within the realm of performance appraisals. This framework, fortified by a holistic understanding of key dimensions and influential factors contributing to subjective bias, is a powerful instrument for unraveling and addressing fairness concerns inherent in performance appraisal practices. Ultimately, the framework presents a systematic trajectory for heightening the efficacy of performance appraisal design and execution, all underpinned by the overarching objectives of nurturing an environment of acceptable fairness.